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State 'surplus' does not mean extra money

State Economist Tom Stinson discusses the economy Monday while State Budget Director Margaret Kelly and Commissioner Jim Showalter of Minnesota Management and Budget hold a background discussion.

ST. PAUL -- Minnesota's economy is doing better than the country, helping generate a modest state budget surplus, but that does not translate into extra money.

That is because the money, in essence, already is spent.

State finance officials Wednesday announced a $323 million projected surplus, because a little more revenue is coming in and, mostly, less money is being spent.

"The state has gone into a holding pattern," Commissioner Jim Schowalter of Minnesota Management and Budget said in announcing the state's newest budget forecast shows more money than was expected last November.

The projected surplus in the current two-year budget, on top of an $876 million surplus predicted in November, does not mean Minnesota's budget outlook has improved a lot, the commissioner added.

"The fiscal issues in front of the state are not resolved in this forecast," Schowalter said.

Minnesota faces a $1.1 billion deficit in the next two-year budget, beginning July 1, 2013. That means it will be years before anyone can say, as did one of Schowalter's predecessors, that the state "has a boatload of money."

Even without big bucks, policymakers were happy that they are not facing a deficit, as they did last year when they were forced to plug a $5 billion hole in the state budget.

"This is very good news and this is a very positive sign," House Speaker Kurt Zellers, R-Maple Grove, said.

Zellers said the news is good because both budget forecasts in the last year were positive.

Democratic Gov. Mark Dayton said the state needs to stick with current law, replenishing state reserves and repaying schools with any extra money.

"We have the responsibility to continue on this course," he said.

State law requires the first $5 million of the "surplus" to be used to replenish the state's reserve fund. The remaining $318 million is committed to paying down more than $2 billion the state owes school districts after delaying payments promised to schools.

Schowalter said that state legislators could change the law in the next "couple of weeks" and do something else with $300 million scheduled to be paid to schools in mid-March.

However, lawmakers generally agreed the surplus funds would go toward the reserves and payments to school districts.

"I think everyone's going to let that sit," Rep. Paul Marquart, DFL-Dilworth, said.

"Repaying the school shift ... is good for all of the communities in the state of Minnesota," Sen. Joe Gimse, R-Willmar, said. "The sooner we can get that paid back to our schools the better."

"It is probably not a good idea" to go back on the promise to repay schools, Sen. David Tomassoni, DFL-Chisholm, said. "I think what is in law probably is going to say there."

Three-fourths of the budget improvement is credited to lower than planned state spending. Much of that savings came in health-care programs for the poor, which enrolled fewer than expected people and reduced spending.

State revenues now are expected to rise $93 million, 0.3 percent, above earlier estimates in the current budget.

State Economist Tom Stinson said the state economy remains slightly ahead of the national numbers, which helped provide extra money to the state.

The Minnesota construction industry remains in the worst shape of any part of the economy, Stinson said, but even it shows signs of improvement.

The forecast shows a public works funding bill, paid by the state selling bonds, still is a real possibility this year, Senate Minority Leader Tom Bakk, DFL-Cook, said.

"We're willing to do some heavy lifting on a bonding bill," he said.

While the surplus was welcome, some lawmakers warned there are challenges ahead. The forecast shows a deficit for the next budget cycle, and the state still will owe schools $2.4 billion.

Sen. Bill Ingebrigtsen, R-Alexandria, said Republican policies contributed to the surplus and reduced deficit anticipated for the next budget biennium.

"We need to continue with this path of fiscal responsibility, balancing our checkbooks and getting Minnesotans back to work," he said.

Don Davis and Danielle Nordine report for Forum Communications Co.

Don Davis
Don Davis has been the Forum Communications Minnesota Capitol Bureau chief since 2001, covering state government and politics for two dozen newspapers in the state. Don also blogs at Capital Chatter on Areavoices.